GST Benefits and Impact on Indian Economy

Amidst economic crisis across the globe, India has posed a beacon of hope with ambitious growth targets, supported by a bunch of strategic undertakings such as the Make in India and Digital India campaigns. The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is another such undertaking that is expected to provide the much-needed stimulant for economic growth in India by transforming the existing base of indirect taxation towards the free flow of goods and services. GST is also expected to eliminate the cascading effect of taxes. India is projected to play an important role in the world economy in the years to come. The expectation of GST being introduced is high not only within the country but also within neighbouring countries and developed economies of the world.

Benefits of GST to the Indian Economy

  • Removal of bundled indirect taxes such as VAT, CST, Service tax, CAD, SAD, and Excise.
  • Less tax compliance and a simplified tax policy compared to the current tax structure.
  • Removal of cascading effect of taxes i.e. removes tax on tax.
  • Reduction of manufacturing costs due to the lower burden of taxes on the manufacturing sector. Hence prices of consumer goods will be likely to come down.
  • Lower the burden on the common man i.e. public will have to shed less money to buy the same products that were costly earlier.
  • Increased demand and consumption of goods.
  • Increased demand will lead to increase supply. Hence, this will ultimately lead to rise in the production of goods.
  • Control of black money circulation as the system normally followed by traders and shopkeepers will be put to a mandatory check.
  • Boost to the Indian economy in the long run.

These are possible only if the actual benefit of GST is passed on to the final consumer. There are other factors, such as the seller’s profit margin, that determines the final price of goods. GST alone does not determine the final price of goods.

How will GST impact the Indian Economy?

  • Reduces tax burden on producers and fosters growth through more production. The current taxation structure, pumped with myriad tax clauses, prevents manufacturers from producing to their optimum capacity and retards growth. GST will take care of this problem by providing tax credit to the manufacturers.
  • Different tax barriers, such as check posts and toll plazas, lead to wastage of unpreserved items being transported. This penalty transforms into major costs due to higher needs of buffer stock and warehousing costs. A single taxation system will eliminate this roadblock.
  • There will be more transparency in the system as the customers will know exactly how much taxes they are being charged and on what base.
  • GST will add to the government revenues by extending the tax base.
  • GST will provide credit for the taxes paid by producers in the goods or services chain. This is expected to encourage producers to buy raw material from different registered dealers and is hoped to bring in more vendors and suppliers under the purview of taxation.
  • GST will remove the customs duties applicable on exports. The nation’s competitiveness in foreign markets will increase on account of lower costs of the transaction.

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