GST RETURN FILINGS ( AS UPDATED BY DECISION OF GST COUNCIL DATED 21ST JULY 2018)
WHAT IS GST RETURN FILINGS?
GST RETURN FILING is the process of declaring the Sales and purchase and out tax liability to the government/ reporting authority in a specified manner, after you get the GST Registration done, this has to be filed in GSTR 3B and GSTR 1.
HOW HAS GST RETURNS?
All GST registered irrespective of turnover (i.e If you have registered the exemption limit of 20 Lakhs Does not apply, even NIL turnover needs to be disclosed), have to the file prescribed return within the Due date, the majority of traders/service providers need to file GSTR 3B within 20th of the subsequent month declaring their summary turnover and summary Input
GSTR-3B Filings (GST RETURN FILINGS)
1. What is GSTR-3B?
GSTR-3B is a simplified summary return and the purpose of the return is for taxpayers to declare their summary GST liabilities for the tax period and the discharge of these liabilities in a timely manner
A normal taxpayer is required to file GSTR-3B returns for every tax period.
2. Who needs to file the GSTR-3B?
All normal taxpayers and casual taxpayers are required to file the GSTR-3B
3. Where can I file GSTR-3B?
GSTR-3B can be filed from the returns section of the GST Portal. In the post login mode, you can access it by going to Services > Returns > Returns Dashboard. After selecting the financial year and tax period, GSTR-3B, (if applicable), in the given period will be displayed.
4. WHAT IS THE DUE DATE TO FILE GSTR 3B?
The due dates for filings GSTR 3B are 20th of the subsequent month, that is the sales and purchase of the month April need to filed within 20th May
5. Will there be any invoice matching in GSTR-3B?
No, all the details in GSTR-3B will be self declared in summary manner and the taxes will be paid based on the table 6 of GSTR-3B (refer to the Rules as available on the GST Council or CBEC website, applicable for GSTR-3B Form).
6. Will the Utilize cash/ITC(Input Tax Credit) functionality be available for discharging return related liabilities?
No, all the details in GSTR-3B will be declared in a consolidated manner by the taxpayer and the taxes will be paid based on the table 6 of GSTR-3B, after submitting the return
7. Is filing of GSTR-3 mandatory even if there is no business in the particular tax period?
GSTR-3B is also mandatory to be filed by all normal and casual tax payers, even if there is no business in the particular tax period.
8. One is required to Confirm after entering data in each section in GSTR-3B. Will the GST System save the confirmed data if a taxpayer exits without completing the form?
No, to ensure that the furnished data is saved in a partially complete GSTR-3B, a tax payer is required to click on Save GSTR-3B before closing the form.
9. I have already filed GSTR-3B, but now I want to make some modifications. Can I file an amendment?
GSTR-3B once filed cannot be revised. Adjustments, if any, has to be done subsequentlywhen you file GSTR-1for the period.
GSTR-1 (GST RETURN FILINGS)
1. What is GSTR-1? (Form used in GST RETURN FILINGS)
GSTR-1 is a monthly Statement of Outward Supplies to be furnished by all normal and casual registered taxpayers making outward supplies of goods and services or both and contains details of outward supplies of goods and services.
2. Who is required to file the GSTR-1? (Form used in GST RETURN FILINGS)
Every registered taxable person, other than an input service distributor/compounding taxpayer/TDS Deductor/TCS Collector is required to file GSTR-1, the details of outward supplies of goods and/or services during a tax period, electronically on the GST Portal.
3. Is GSTR-1 filing mandatory? (Form used in GST RETURN FILINGS)
GSTR-1 needs to be filed even if there is no business activity (Nil Return) in the tax period.
4. What details have to be furnished in GSTR-1?
The following details of a tax period have to be furnished in GSTR-1:
- a. Invoice level details of supplies to registered persons including those having UIN
- b. Invoice level details of Inter- state supplies of invoice value greater than equal to INR2,50,000 to unregistered persons (consumers)
- Details of Credit/Debit Notes issued by the supplier against invoice
- Details of export of goods and services including deemed exports (SEZ)
- Summarised state level details of supplies to unregistered persons (consumers)
- Summary Details of Advances received in relation to future supply and their adjustment
- Details of any amendments effected to the reported information for either of the above categories.
- Nil- rated, exempted, and non-GST supplies
- HSN/SAC wise summary of outward supplies
5.Which type of registered taxpayers are not required to file the GSTR-1
The following taxpayers are not required to file GSTR-1:
- Taxpayers under the Composition Scheme (Return to be filled by them in GSTR 4)
- Non-resident foreign tax payers (Return to be filled by them in GSTR 5)
- Online information database and access retrieval service provider (Return to be filled by them in GSTR 5A) Input Service Distributors (ISD) (Return to be filled by them in GSTR-6)
Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) deductors (Return to be filled by them in GSTR 7) E-commerce operators deducting TCS (Return to be filled by them in GSTR 8)
6. By when do I need to file the GSTR-1 for a given tax period? OR What is the due date for filing the GSTR-1?
FOR TAXPAYERS WITH TURNOVER ABOVE RS 5 CRORES PER ANNUM ( Increased from 1.5 CRORES vide GST COUNCIL DECISION DATED 21ST July 2018, and effective 27th July 2018)
The due date to file GSTR-1 for the given tax period the is the 10th day of the succeeding month.For example, GSTR-1 for Goods/Services supplied during the calendar month of June 2018 should be filed by on 10th July, 2018.
FOR TAXPAYERS WITH TURNOVER BELOW RS 5 CRORES PER ANNUM ( Increased from 1.5 CRORES to 5 Crores vide GST COUNCIL DECISION DATED 21ST July 2018, and effective 27th July 2018)
All tax payers with turnover less than 5 Crores can file GSTR 1 quaterly (this has been increased from 1.5 Crors which was the treshold present earlier)
7. How should the value of turnover to be in entered in the mandatory field on the landing page of GSTR-1?
The turnover value in Table 3 of GSTR-1 has to be entered manually for the first year as the information is not available with the GST system. From the second year of implementation of GST, the system will auto-calculate the turnover based on all the annual returns filed for all the GSTINs associated with a given PAN (PAN-based turnover). However, the turnover value will be editable and you will have the option to amend it.
8. What does the ‘Total Invoice Value’ column indicate in GSTR-1?
The ‘Total Invoice Value’ column in GSTR-1 is for the invoice value inclusive of taxes.
9 Will there be any validation on relationship between Invoice value and Taxable Value?
Taxable value is the value as per the provisions of GST law. There will be no validation that the invoice value is equivalent to taxable value plus the tax amount.
10. Can I enter details of Goods and Services in the same invoice?
Yes, you can enter details of Goods and Services in the same invoices.
11. What are B2B Supplies?
B2B Supply refers to supply transactions between registered taxable entities/persons (Business-to-Business supplies).
12. What is meant by B2C Supplies?
B2C Supply refers to supply transactions between a Registered Supplier and an Unregistered Buyer (Business-to-Consumer).
13. What are Debit Notes?
A Debit Note is a document issued against an invoice in cases where the original invoice was issued at a value lower than the actual value of goods and/or services provided. It can also be issued in case of post supply price negotiations. The difference amount is accounted for in the form of a Debit note
14. What are Credit Notes?
Credit Note is a document issued against an invoice in cases where invoice was issued at a value higher than the actual value of goods and/or services provided or the invoice value is reduced due to post supply negotiations. This may also happen when the goods supplied are returned by the recipient, or where goods or services or both supplied are found to be deficient.
15. When are Debit Notes to be reported in the return?
Debit Notes are to be reported in the return of the month in which they are issued by the supplier.
16. When are Credit Notes to be reported in the return?
Credit Notes are to be reported in the return of the month in which they are issued but not later than the return of the September month following the end of the financial year in which such supply was made, or the date of furnishing of the relevant annual return, whichever is earlier.
17. Does a taxpayer need to report the credit notes and debit notes of supplies to consumer separately?
No. In case of supplies to consumers are to be reported in a consolidated manner (intra-state supplies to the consumer and inter- state supplies of invoice value less than INR 2.5 lakhs), the credit/debit notes are not required to be reported separately. Such supplies have to be reported in a consolidated manner net off the values of credit and debit notes.
18. In case of Receipt of advance by the Supplier from a Receiver, is the supplier liable to pay tax on such an advance amount?
Yes, Supplier is liable to pay tax on advances received from Receivers for the supply of goods and services and report the consolidated advance received details in month in which payment is received. The amount of advances to be reported in GSTR-1 is net off the amount for which invoices have already been issued and the value reported in the same return in other sections.
19. How is the tax paid on advance payments adjusted against the invoice(s) issued in the subsequent tax period(s)?
The taxpayer has to declare the advance that has to be adjusted in the tax period in which advance is received. Subsequently when invoice is issued,then taxpayer can adjust the tax liability of the invoice issued of that tax period, in the GSTR-1 of that period. This can be shown in the advance adjustment table of GSTR-1.
20. How is Export treated under the GST regime?
Exports are generally treated as Zero-rated Inter-State Supplies. In case of exports, the taxpayer has the option to export without payment of any integrated tax and claim refund of ITC (against the exports made) or the taxpayer may pay IGST and claim refund of the IGST amount paid (post affecting the exports).
The decision of GST Council to relax the due dates for GST 1 for taxpayers to quarterly is good more and it would directly impact at least 93% of the Total GST tax payers , few other very important decision are GST exemption for sanitary napkins and reduction of GST for Television, Fridge and other its