Merchant Banker Valuation 

Merchant Banker Valuation 

Merchant bankers are a vital part of the financial world, providing advice and guidance to clients on various financial matters. As such, they need to accurately assess the value of companies and assets to provide an accurate picture of the current market.This article will explore the different methods that merchant bankers use to value companies,

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How to choose the right merchant banker?

When looking for a merchant banker to help you with your finances, it is vital to choose an experienced and reputable one. Angel tax under section 56 of the Income Tax 1961 , There are many different ways to value a company, and not all merchant bankers use the same methods. It is important to find one that uses the method that you are most comfortable with and that has a good track record of success.

Method Permitted by Rule 11UA of Income Tax Act is Discounted Cash flow method also known as Free Cash Flow Method

How to get a merchant banker valuation?

In India, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) regulates merchant bankers. To carry out a valuation, you will need to engage the services of a SEBI-registered Category 1 merchant banker.

a Valuation can be done by:

  1. Independent Merchant Banker registered with SEBI
  2. Independent Chartered Accountant in practice having minimum experience of 10 years.
  3. IBBI Registered Valuer for Securities and Financial Assets
  4. practicing chartered accountant registered Valuers
  5. practicing chartered accountant registered valuers
  6. practicing company secretaries registered Valuers

What is Sebi’s category 1 merchant banker?

Category 1 merchant bankers are those authorized by the SEBI to carry out all activities relating to merchant banking, including valuations. To be registered as a Category 1 merchant banker, firms must have a net worth of at least Rs 5 crore.

Once you have found a SEBI-registered valuer merchant banker that you would like to work with, you will need to provide them with some information about your company or asset so that they can carry out an accurate valuation. This may include financial statements, details of any recent transactions, and information about the industry in which your company operates. The merchant banker will then use this information and their own research to come up with a valuation for your company or asset.

What is Angel Tax?

An Angel tax is a tax that is levied on investments made by angel investors in startups. The angel investor is typically an individual or group of individuals who provide funds for a startup in its early stages in exchange for equity.

The angel tax was introduced in India in 2012 to discourage investors from making speculative investments in startups. Around 18 startups received notices from income tax authorities. However, the tax has been criticized by many in the startup community as being unfair and harming the ecosystem. The angel tax rate is 30% of the value of the investment.

In January 2019, the government announced some changes to the angel tax regime that provided some relief to startups. However, the angel tax continues to be a contentious issue in the startup community.

What is in a merchant banker valuation report?

A typical a valuation report will cover the following:

  1. A description of the company or asset being valued
  2. The valuation method used
  3. The key assumptions made
  4. The range of possible values
  5. The most likely value
  6. The risks and uncertainties associated with the valuation

Merchant banker valuation reports are usually presented clearly and concisely so that clients can easily understand them. However, you should ask the merchant banker for clarification if you have any questions about the report.

What are some standard methods used to value companies?

The most appropriate method will depend on the specific circumstances of the company being valued. Some standard methods include:

  1. Discounted cash flow analysis
  2. Comparable company analysis
  3. Precedent transactions analysis

Discounted cash flow analysis:

This is a company valuing method by discounting its future cash flows to their present value. This method is typically used for companies that are not yet profitable, as it relies on estimates of future cash flows.

Comparables company analysis:

This is a method of valuing a company by comparing it to similar recently sold or listed companies. This method is typically used for companies that are already profitable and have a track record of financial performance.

Precedent transactions analysis:

This is a method of valuing a company by looking at similar companies that have been recently sold or listed. This method is typically used for companies that are already profitable and have a track record of financial performance.

What are some familiar sources of risk and uncertainty in merchant banker valuations?

Several risks and uncertainties can impact the accuracy of merchant banker valuations. These include:

  1. The quality of the information used to value the company or asset
  2. The assumptions made about the future performance of the company or asset
  3. The volatility of the markets in which the company or asset operates
  4. The availability of comparable companies or transactions
  5. The experience and expertise of the merchant banker carrying out the valuation

It is important to remember that merchant banker valuations are opinions and not facts. As such, they are subject to change as new information becomes available. If you are considering making an investment based on a merchant banker , you should always seek independent financial advice.

What to expect during the merchant banker process? Is it different form registered valuer process?

The merchant banker process typically involves the following steps:

1. Initial meeting with the client to discuss the valuation requirements

2. Collection of data and information about the company or asset being valued

3. Analysis of the data and information collected

4. Preparation of the valuation report

5. Presentation of the report to the client

  1. There is no difference in the method the only difference is in the certification

The benefits of a merchant banker valuation compared to registered valuer :

Several benefits can be gained from getting the valuation report from a merchant banker . These include:

  1. An objective and independent opinion on the value of the company or asset
  2. A better understanding of the risks and uncertainties associated with the company or asset
  3. A basis for making informed investment decisions
  4. peace of mind that the company or asset is at fair market value.

Tips for negotiating with a merchant banker:

If you are planning to engage a merchant banker to carry out valuation services, you can do a few things to get the best possible price.

Get quotes from multiple merchant bankers:

Don’t just go with the first merchant banker you speak to. Get quotes from a few different firms so that you can compare prices.

Negotiate the price:

Once you have a few quotes, you can start negotiating the price. Remember that merchant bankers are businesses, too, and they will be open to negotiation.

Ask for discounts:

If you are planning to engage a merchant banker for multiple valuations, ask for a discount. Many firms offer discounts for bulk work.

Pay upfront:

If you can pay the total fee upfront, you may be able to get a discount. This is because merchant bankers can save on administration costs by not having to send invoices and chase payment.

Be clear about what you want:

Before talking to merchant bankers, ensure you know exactly what you want from the valuation. This will help ensure you get a report that meets your needs.

Conclusion:

Merchant banker valuations are an important part of the financial world, providing advice and guidance to clients on a wide range of financial matters. If you are considering working with a merchant banker, it is important to understand the different methods they use to value companies and assets. This article has provided an overview of the most common valuation methods and critical steps in merchant banker valuations.

FAQs:

Who can give the valuation report?

A merchant banker valuation report can be given by any angel tax registered SEBI Category 1 merchant banker.

What should I expect during the merchant banker process?

The typical process involves an initial meeting with the client, data collection, analysis, preparation of a report, and presentation of the report to the client.

What is the companies act 2013?

The Companies Act 2013 is an act of the Indian Parliament that regulates the incorporation, registration, and operation of companies in India.

When does Merchant Banker require the Valuation certificate?

When a company issues equity shares, preference shares, or CCD to any investor on premium, then a Merchant Banker is required under the Income tax act.

What is the insolvency and bankruptcy board (IBBI)?

The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) is a regulatory body established by the Indian Parliament to oversee the insolvency and bankruptcy process in India.

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